Alcohol or Naphtha

Full Extract Cannabis Oil, the healer of disease, the Kryptonite to Cancers, the holy grail of natural medicine. This substance is highly revered by many and made by few; it is a form of rebellion to take to the calling of oil alchemy due to its high illegality globally.

There are many oil artisans in the modern U.S. Cannabis community; each maker has their own beliefs, processes and end results. Some oil producers believe whole-heartedly in the classical process of using ethanol alcohol to extract botanical essential oils. Others believe in using Naphtha as a solvent, as the most well-known purveyor of this oil chose Naphtha as his choice in solvents. There is many how to videos to be found on the web, and one quickly finds that many of these videos may not necessarily be of sound advice or method.

To gain a better understanding of how Full Extract Cannabis oil is made, please visit the links below. This will help you understand the processes used to make a highly medicinal Cannabis extract oil.

How To Make Cannabis Oil
Cure Your Own Cancer-

When our family turned to the oil to fight childhood cancer (T-Cell ALL) we found ourselves with the same solvent choice to be made: Naphtha or Ethanol? I poured over many articles and research projects on each method, asking many questions to people who were more experienced than I, professionals, chemists, lab analysts, oil makers and even a couple of doctors. Through all of my research and discovery I came to a conclusion. Before I share my conclusion, let’s look at what I learned:

What is a hydrocarbon?

This is the basic Wikipedia definition of a hydrocarbon:

“In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups, called hydrocarbyls. Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes), alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes and alkyne-based compounds are different types of hydrocarbons.The majority of hydrocarbons found on earth naturally occur in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can catenate to form seemingly limitless chains.”

When it comes to Hydrocarbons, the simplest and most relatively non-toxic hydrocarbons are straight chain or Alkanes. GRAS (Generally regarded as safe) alkanes (mostly non-toxic) are: Methane CH4, Ethane C2H6, Propane C3H8, n-butane C4H10, n-pentane C5H12 and n-hexane C6H14.

·         Methane [1C] and ethane [2C] are gaseous at ambient temperatures and cannot be liquefied by pressure alone.

·         Propane [3C] is however easily liquefied, and exists in ‘propane bottles’ mostly as a liquid.

·         Butane [4C] is so easily liquefied that it provides a safe, volatile fuel for small pocket lighters.

·         Pentane [5C] is a clear liquid at room temperature, commonly used in chemistry and industry as a powerful nearly odorless solvent of waxes and high molecular weight organic compounds, including greases.

·         Hexane [6C] is a broadly used non-polar, non-aromatic solvent, as well as a significant element in common gasoline.

·         The [6C] through [10C] alkanes, alkenes and isomeric cycloalkanes are the top components of gasoline, naphtha, jet fuel and specialized industrial solvent mixtures.

Therefore C-5 or lower hydrocarbons are best and most non-toxic solvents for extraction. There seems to be some controversy as to whether C-5 or C-6 is the peak before toxic hydrocarbon chains have been established.
I learned that Naphtha is a muddled combination of hydrocarbons derived from crude petroleum in the range of C4-C11. C11? This may sound confusing at first, but basically that means Naphtha can have any hydrocarbons rated from C4 (butane) to C11(Undecane)

When extracting Cannabis with a solvent, one must “boil-off” or cause the solvent precipitate out of the mixture using temperature and agitation.

For example, Butane has a boiling point of 30.2 deg F. This means that if you extracted cannabinoids with butane, it would precipitate out of the mixture after the temperature surpasses 30.2 degrees, leaving the extracted cannabinoids intact. THC has a boiling point of 314.6 deg F. this allows for the use of solvents in extractions that do not surpass the boiling point of 300 degrees. The last hydrocarbon with a boiling point of <300 deg is Octane (C8) at 257 deg F. Anything higher than a C8 hydrocarbon would not be allowed to precipitate out of the mixture without destroying the ultra-important Cannabinoids.

Simple Hydrocarbons and Boiling Points:
    Carbon Atoms       Alkane             Boiling Point Deg. F.
1         Methane                      -263.2
2         Ethane                         -128.2
3         Propane                       -43.6
4         Butane                         30.2
5         Pentane                        96.98
6         Hexane                        154.4
7         Heptane                       209.2
8         Octane                         257
9         Nonane                        303.8
10     Decane                         345.4
11     Undecane                     384.8
Essentially, not being able to surpass the boiling point of THC to remove all hydrocarbons, leaves a high risk of residual hydrocarbons in the final oil product. The hydrocarbons that would be found would be partially precipitated hydrocarbons as well as possible Nonane, Decane and Undecane. These are toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic compounds that should not be present in any patients Cannabis essential oil.

How is ethanol alcohol safer?

Ethanol (C2H5OH) or ethyl alcohol at its most basic, is grain alcohol, produced by fermentation of food crops such as corn. It is the only type of alcohol that is safe to ingest, and then only if it has not been denatured (additives mixed in). Other types of alcohol include methanol (methyl alcohol) and isopropanol (rubbing alcohol or isopropyl alcohol).

 ‘Alcohol’ refers to any chemical having an -OH (oxygen/hydrogen) functional group. Hydroxyl groups (-OH), found in alcohols, are polar and therefore hydrophilic (water loving) but their carbon chain is non-polar which make them hydrophobic. The molecule progressively becomes more nonpolar and therefore less soluble in the polar water as the carbon chain becomes longer.

Alcohols have applications in industry and science as solvents. Because of its relatively low toxicity compared with other alcohols and ability to dissolve non-polar substances, ethanol is a desirable solvent in deriving pharmaceutical compounds, perfumes, and botanical essences such as vanilla. In organic fusion, alcohols serve as versatile intermediates.

Ethanol is present as an endogenous substance in the blood of humans, generally produced in the intestinal tract due to consumption of grain and yeast bearing food sources. Ethanol is not classified as a carcinogen, but rather a precursor carcinogen. Alcohol turns to acetaldehyde when metabolized by the liver after consumption; acetaldehyde is the carcinogen.

The boiling point of Ethanol alcohol is 173.1 degrees F. this allows for the removal of all residual alcohol from the extract medium during the precipitation process while leaving all cannabinoids intact and fully decarboxylated.

Based upon what I have learned, and where the research has taken me, I have chosen Ethanol alcohol as my solvent of choice, for reasons of safety, efficacy and low toxicity, when it comes to extracting botanical constituents from the Cannabis plant. I feel that the use of Naphtha as a solvent as unnecessary and extremely risky. You cannot fight cancer with carcinogens.

CannaDad

Cannabinoid Boiling Points:
Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Boiling point: 157*C / 314.6 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Euphoriant, Analgesic, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antiemetic Antibiotic Anticancer

Cannabidiol (CBD)
Boiling point: 160-180*C / 320-356 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Anxiolytic, Analgesic, Antipsychotic, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antispasmodic

Cannabinol (CBN)
Boiling point: 185*C / 365 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Oxidation, breakdown, product, Sedative, Antibiotic

cannabichromene (CBC)
Boiling point: 220*C / 428 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antifungal

cannabigerol (CBG)
Boiling point: MP52
Properties: Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antifungal

Δ-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (?-8-THC)
Boiling point: 175-178*C / 347-352.4 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Resembles ?-9-THC, Less psychoactive, More stable Antiemetic

tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
Boiling point: < 220*C / <428 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Analgesic, Euphoriant

Terpenoid essential oils, their boiling points, and properties

ß-myrcene
Boiling point: 166-168*C / 330.8-334.4 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Analgesic. Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antimutagenic

ß-caryophyllene
Boiling point: 119*C / 246.2 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antiinflammatory, Cytoprotective (gastric mucosa), Antimalarial

d-limonene
Boiling point: 177*C / 350.6 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Cannabinoid agonist?, Immune potentiator, Antidepressant, Antimutagenic

linalool
Boiling point: 198*C / 388.4 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Sedative, Antidepressant, Anxiolytic, Immune potentiator

pulegone
Boiling point: 224*C / 435.2 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Memory booster?, AChE inhibitor, Sedative, Antipyretic

1,8-cineole (eucalyptol)
Boiling point: 176*C / 348.8 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: AChE inhibitor, Increases cerebral, blood flow, Stimulant, Antibiotic, Antiviral, Antiinflammatory, Antinociceptive

a-pinene
Boiling point: 156*C / 312.8 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antiinflammatory, Bronchodilator, Stimulant, Antibiotic, Antineoplastic, AChE inhibitor

a-terpineol
Boiling point: 217-218*C / 422.6-424.4 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Sedative, Antibiotic, AChE inhibitor, Antioxidant, Antimalarial

terpineol-4-ol
Boiling point: 209*C / 408.2 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: AChE inhibitor. Antibiotic

p-cymene
Boiling point: 177*C / 350.6 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antibiotic, Anticandidal, AChE inhibitor

Flavonoid and phytosterol components, their boiling points, and properties

apigenin
Boiling point: 178*C / 352.4 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Anxiolytic, Antiinflammatory, Estrogenic

quercetin
Boiling point: 250*C / 482 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antioxidant, Antimutagenic, Antiviral, Antineoplastic

cannflavin A
Boiling point: 182*C / 359.6 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: COX inhibitor, LO inhibitor

ß-sitosterol
Boiling point: 134*C / 273.2 degree Fahrenheit
Properties: Antiinflammatory, 5-a-reductase, inhibitor

Please Remember that the “lesser known” Cannabinoids as well as the “other” compounds found in Cannabis have an entourage effect that causes them to work symbiotically together.

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6 thoughts on “Alcohol or Naphtha”

  1. The treatment of alcoholism and alcohol varies from one alcoholic to another according to the amount of addiction to alcohol and wine as the alcohol substance found in beer, wine and other alcoholic beverages (Kalowski and vodka) affect the chemical activity of the brain addicted to alcohol

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